AKC Registration Types:
Full - A dog registered on a full registration is eligible
to compete in all AKC events including conformation. Any puppies
sired/whelped by a dog with full registration are eligible
to be registered with AKC. The full registration certificate
is white with a purple border.
Limited - A
dog registered on limited registration is eligible to compete
in all AKC
events with exception to conformation. Any puppies sired/whelped
by a dog with limited registration are ineligible to be registered
with AKC. The limited registration certificate is white with
an orange border.
What are “papers”? Papers are just another term
for a dog’s registration certificate. If a dog is registered
with AKC, it has “AKC Papers”.
What is a Pedigree? A pedigree is a dog’s family tree
listing by registered name it’s parents, grandparents,
great-grandparents, etc. Most commonly pedigrees show a dog’s
ancestors going back 3-5 generations. A research pedigree will
go back even farther. Other useful information that may be
included on a pedigree are color(s), registration number, date
of birth, call name and titles earned such as championships,
obedience, agility, water, draft, etc. A pedigree may also
list special designations of ancestors such as Best In Show,
(BIS), Best In Specialty Show (BISS), Register of Merit, (ROM),
to name a few.
Minimum Health Clearances for Newfoundlands: At a minimum,
Newfoundlands used for breeding should be tested/screened
• Hip & elbow
dysplasia – x-rays
submitted to the Orthopedic Foundation For Animals (OFA),
OVC (Ontario Veterinary College)*
• Heart issues (SAS & others) – checked
by a board certified cardiologist as a puppy (after 10 weeks
age) prior to going to new home. Re-checked by a board certified
cardiologist and submitted to OFA at one year of age or older,
especially if planning to breed.
• Cystinuria – Cleared by DNA
testing or parentage.
recommended tests: Testing
of eyes (CERF), thyroid and patellas are strongly recommended
by NCA as needed.
Health Acronyms defined:
• OFA - The
Orthopedic Foundation for Animals is a not-for-profit organization
located in Columbia, Missouri. It’s goal
is to research and prevent orthopedic and hereditary diseases
in animals. OFA evaluates hip and elbow x-rays for dysplasia
and assigns a number to those dogs that are free of the disease
at 2 years of age or older. OFA also will assign a number for
cardiac clearance as well. OFA runs a searchable open database.
See www.offa.org for more information.
• PennHip – The
Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program is a not-for-profit
and operated by the University
of Pennsylvania. Their goal is to reduce the frequency and
severity of hip dysplasia in all breeds of dogs. PennHip is
another method for evaluating hips using a series of 3 x-rays
and can be performed as early as 16 weeks of age. PennHip evaluates
the radiographic results and issues an evaluation report. For
more information, go to:
• CHIC - The Canine
Health Information Center is a canine health database sponsored
by the AKC Canine
and OFA. CHIC also maintains a DNA Bank that collects and stores
canine DNA samples to be used in future research and testing
for various diseases. Please visit www.caninehealthinfo.org for more information.
• OVC - The Ontario
Veterinary College also evaluates hips/elbows. Unlike OFA,
passing results are only listed as “normal” without
any further sub grading. Only abnormal results are further
defined. OVC will certify at 18 months.
For more information, see http://www.ovc.uoguelph.ca/ovc/hip-elbow/
*From the OVC website: Effective immediately, the OVC’s Hip and Elbow
Certification Program will not take on any
new submissions for review at this time. This is due to an unexpected shortage
of resources and a backlog of
• CHIC Number – Newfoundlands
that have been tested/screened for cystinuria, hip/elbow
dysplasia and heart disease whose
owners agree to have all results (passing and non-passing)
published in the open database are given a CHIC number and
the CHIC logo is posted next to their names in the OFA database.
It is important to understand that a Newf with a CHIC designation
is not necessarily free of the diseases it was tested for.
It only means that the owner agreed to have ALL results, both
passing and non-passing, published in the open database.
• CERF – Canine Eye Registration
Foundation is a certifying body that registers dogs certified
free of heritable
eye disease by a board certified Veterinary Ophthalmologist.
Dogs certified free of heritable eye diseases are given a CERF
number. Certification is good for 12 months from the date of
the eye exam and annual re-examination is recommended. For
more information on CERF please visit www.vmdb.org